Bài tập Câu điều kiện nâng cao cực hay có lời giải

PHẦN I. LÝ THUYẾT

1. Câu điều kiện loại 0

*Cấu trúc: If + S + Simple present, S + Simple present

Lưu ý: Trong câu điều kiện loại 0 có thể thay thế If = When/ Whenever.

*Cách dùng:

- Diễn tả một chân lí, sự thật

- Diễn tả một thói quen

- Diễn tả mệnh lệnh

Ex: When they are short of money, they don’t eat out.

2. Câu điều kiện loại hỗn hợp

Dạng 1: Câu điều kiện hỗn hợp loại 3-2

- Cách dùng: Câu điều kiện "3 - 2" Diễn tả một giả thiết trái với quá khứ nhưng kết quả trái với hiện tại

- Cấu trúc: If + S + past perfect, S + would/ could/ might… + V_inf

- Ex: If I had known you were in hospital, I would go to see you.

Dạng 2. Câu điều kiện hỗn hợp loại 2-3

- Cách dùng: Câu điều kiện "2 - 3" Diễn tả một giải thiết trái với hiện tại nhưng kết quả thì trái với quá khứ

- Cấu trúc: If + S + simple past, S + would/ could + have + V3/ed

- Ex: If I were good at cooking, I’d have cooked by myself for dinner last night.

PHẦN II. BÀI TẬP ÁP DỤNG

Task 1. Put the verbs in the brackets in the correct tense

1. If you __________ (expose) phosphorus to air, It __________ (burn)

2. If you __________ (heat) ice, it __________ (turn) to water.

3. If metal __________ (get) hot, it __________ (expand)

4. If you __________ (stand) in the rain, You __________ (get) wet

5. If anyone __________ (ring) the bell, don’t __________ (open) the door.

6. If my father __________ (not, sleep) well, he __________ (drink) coffee before going to bed

7. If you__________ (press) this button, the machine __________ (stop)

8. If you__________ (multiply) 6 to 8, you__________ (get)

9. If anyone __________ (call), say that I__________ (be, not) at home.

10. If you__________ (go) to the Post Office, you__________ (mail) this letter for me.

1. expose

2. heat

3. gets

4. stand

5. rings

6. doesn’t sleep, drinks

7. press, stops

8. multiply, get

9. calls, am not

10. go, mail

Task 2. Using the given information, make conditional sentences with IF

1. She is living in China because she got married to a Chinese.

………………………………………………………………

2. I am tired now because I went home late yesterday.

………………………………………………………………

3. She did the homework last night so she gets a high score today.

………………………………………………………………

4. It rained yesterday so I don’t go to school today.

………………………………………………………………

5. I missed the end of the film so I don’t know who the murderer was.

………………………………………………………………

1. If She hadn’t got married to a Chinese, She wouldn’t be living in china

2. If I hadn’t gone home late yesterday, I wouldn’t be tired now.

3. If She hadn’t done the homework last night, She wouldn’t get a high score today.

4. If It hadn’t rained yesterday, I wouldn’t go to school today.

5. If I hadn’t missed the end of the film, I would know who the murderer was.

Task 3. Choose the best answer

1. If she …………………….. the lottery last year, She……………………..rich now.

A. Have won/would be     B. had won/would be

C. won/would be     D. wins/will be

2. If I ……………..the homework last night, I……………..bonus today.

A. Had done/would get     B. had done/would have got

C. done/would get     D. does/will get

3. If we had played this game yesterday, we……………….a lot of money now.

A. Will have     B. may have

C. would have had     D. would have

4. If it ……………………………last night, it would be cold today.

A. Had rained     B. rained

C. have rained     D. was raining

5. If she……………….to me, she……………………..in trouble right now.

A. Had listened/would be     B. had listened/would have be

C. had listened/would not be     D. A and B

1. B. had won/would be

2. A. Had done/would get

3. D. would have

4. A. Had rained

5. C. had listened/would not be

Câu hỏi 1 2 3 4 5
Đáp án B A D A C

Task 4. Using the given information, make conditional sentences with IF

1. We reach Sally’s house now because we didn’t ask for direction earlier

………………………………………………………………

2. Since he is an only child, his parents have spoiled him

………………………………………………………………

3. Bob didn’t learn Chinese in high school, so he doesn’t have many job opportunities.

………………………………………………………………

4. I am not rich. I didn’t buy that house last month.

………………………………………………………………

1. If we had asked for direction earlier, we would reach Sally’s house now.

2. If he weren’t an only child, his parents wouldn’t have spoiled him.

3. If Bob had learned Chinese in high school, he would have many job opportunities.

4. If I were rich, I would have bought that house last month.

Task 5. Choose the best answer

1. If it had rained one hour ago, the streets………… wet now.

A. Would have be     B. will be

C. be     D. would be

2. If I ……………….to the beach yesterday, I would be tired today.

A. Have gone     B. Goes

C. had gone     D. A and B

3. If they had gone to school yesterday, they...........to the museum now.

A. Would go     B. will go

C. could go     D. A and C

4. If he had done exercise last night, he………soccer right now.

A. Will play     B. can play

C. plays     D. could play.

5. If Nina had not gone out last week, she………………die now.

A. Will     B. would

C. could     D. B and C

1. D. would be

2. C. had gone

3. D. A and C

4. D. could play

5. D. B and C

Câu hỏi 1 2 3 4 5
Đáp án D C D D D

Task 6. Viết lại các câu sau sang dạng câu điều kiện thích hợp.

1. Keep silent or you’ll wake the baby up.

→ If you don't keep silent, you will wake the baby up.

2. Stop talking or you won’t understand the lesson

→ If………………………………………………………………

3. I don’t know her number, so I don’t ring her up.

→ If………………………………………………………………

4. I don’t know the answer, so I can’t tell you.

→ If………………………………………………………………

5. We got lost because we didn’t have a map.

→ If………………………………………………………………

6. Susan felt sick because she ate four cream cakes.

→ ………………………………………………………………

7. Without this treatment, the patient would have died.

→ ………………………………………………………………

8. He lost his job because he was late every day.

→ ………………………………………………………………

9. Peter is fat because he eats so many chips.

→ ………………………………………………………………

10. Robert got a bad cough because he started smoking cigarettes.

→ ………………………………………………………………

2. If you keep talking, you won't understand the lesson.

3. If I know her number, I will ring her up.

4. If I know the answer, I will tell you.

5. If we had had a map, we wouldn't have got lost.

6. If Susan hadn't eaten four cream cakes, she wouldn't have felt sick.

7. If we hadn't had this treatment, the patient would have died.

8. If he hadn't been late every day, he wouldn't have lost his job.

9. If Peter ate less chips, he wouldn't be fat.

10. If Robert hadn't started smoking cigarettes, he wouldn't have got a bad cough.

Task 7. Chọn đáp án đúng

1. If she …………… the lottery last year, She ………… rich now.

A. have won/would be     B. had won/would be

C. won/would be     D. wins/will be

2. If I …………… the homework last night, I…………… bonus today.

A. had done/would get     B. had done/would have got

C. done/would get     D. does/will get

3. If we had played this game yesterday, we…………… a lot of money now.

A. will have     B. may hav

C. would have had     D. would have

4. If it ……………… last night, it would be cold today.

A. had rained     B. rained

C. have rained     D. was raining

5. If she …………… to me, she ……………… in trouble right now.

A. had listened/would be     B. had listened/would have be

C. had listened/would not be     D. A and B

1. B. had won/would be

2. A. had done/would get

3. D. would have

4. A. had rained

5. A. had listened/would be

Câu hỏi 1 2 3 4 5 6
Đáp án B A D A A

Task 8. Điền vào chỗ trống

1. If you take my advice, you ........................ (be) happy.

2. What would you do if you ........................ (be) me?

3. If you ........................ (lend) me some books I will give them back in two weeks.

4. I ........................ (send) her a letter if I had found her address.

5. She ........................ (not/steal) the bread if she hadn't been hungry.

6. If she ........................ (come) here I will tell her about the film.

7. I will be unhappy if you ........................ (leave) me.

8. If you hadn't been so crazy you ........................ (not/buy) this expensive house.

9. If the sun ........................ (shine) I will go to the beach.

10. If I ........................ (win) the lottery I would leave my country.

1. will be

2. were

3. lend

4. would have sent

5. would not have stolen / wouldn't have stolen

6. comes

7. leave

8. would not have bought -hoặc- wouldn't have bought

9. shines

10. Won

Task 9. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc

1. If I see him, I _____ (give) him a gift.

2. If I had a typewriter, I _____ (type) it myself.

3. If I had known that you were in hospital, I _____ (visit) you.

4. You could make better progress if you _____ (attend) class regularly.

5. If I _____ (know) his telephone number, I’d give it to you.

6. If you _____ (arrive) ten minutes earlier, you would have got a seat.

7. If he worked more slowly, he _____ (not make) so many mistakes.

8. I shouldn’t drink that wine if I _____ (be) you.

9. If I _____ (find) a cheap room, I will stay a fortnight.

10. A lot of people _____ (be) out of work if the factory closed down.

1. will give

2. would type

3. would have visited

4. attended

5. knew

6. had arrived

7. wouldn't make

8. were

9. find

10. would be

Task 10. Điền vào chỗ trống

1. ............ we ............ (have) enough time if we wanted to see the castle?

2. In case you ............ (buy) a car, will you teach me to drive?

3. If I............ (not be) in a hurry, I wouldn't have made so many mistakes.

4. She won't finish it on time if she ............ (not start) right now.

5. She ............ (get angry) if you had told her.

6. On condition that they ............(support) our product, they would get a discount.

7. Even if I ............(ask) him, he won't come.

8. Had I driven slowly, I ............(not crash)

9. It will be a disaster unless they ............ (help) us.

10. If you ............ (have) something to eat, you wouldn't have felt sick.

11. I wouldn't risk it if I ............ (be) you.

12. She would get fat if she ............ (not stop) eating.

13. The chicken wasn't good. It ............(taste) better if you had put some spices on it.

1. Would; have

2. buy

3. had not been

4. does not start

5. would have got

6. supported

7. ask

8. would not have crashed

9. help

10. had had

11. were

12. did not stop

13. would have tasted

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