Bài tập Thì tương lai đơn và tương lai gần cực hay có lời giải
PHẦN I. LÝ THUYẾT
1. Cách dùng
|Tương lai đơn||Tương lai gần|
1. Diễn đạt một quyết định ngay tại thời điểm nói.
Oh, I’ve left the door open. I will go and shut it.
2. Diễn đạt lời dự đoán không có căn cứ.
- People won’t go to Jupiter before the 22nd century.
- Who do you think will get the job?
3. Dùng trong câu đề nghị.
- Will you shut the door?
- Shall I open the window?
- Shall we dance?
4. Câu hứa hẹn
I promise I will call you as soon as I arrive.
1. Diễn đạt một kế hoạch, dự định.
- I have won $1,000. I am going to buy a new TV.
- When are you going to go on holiday?
2. Diễn đạt một lời dự đoán dựa vào bằng chứng ở hiện tại.
- The sky is very black. It is going to snow.
- I crashed the company car. My boss isn’t going to be very happy!
2. Cấu trúc
|Tương lai đơn||Tương lai gần|
Ta dùng will khi quyết định làm điều gì đó vào lúc nói, không quyết định trước.
- Tom: My bicycle has a flat tyre. Can you repair it for me?
- Father: Okay, but I can’t do it right now. I will repair it tomorrow.
Ta dùng be going to khi đã quyết định làm điều gì đó rồi, lên lịch sẵn để làm rồi.
- Mother: Can you repair Tom’s bicycle? It has a flat tyre.
- Father: Yes, I know. He told me. I’m going to repair it tomorrow.
3. Dấu hiệu nhận biết
|Tương lai đơn||Tương lai gần|
• next day/week/month...
• as soon as
Để xác định được thì tương lai gần, cần dựa vào ngữ cảnh và các bằng chứng ở hiện tại.
PHẦN II. BÀI TẬP ÁP DỤNG
Task 1. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc:
1. I love London. I (probably / go) there next year.
2. What (wear / you) at the party tonight?
3. I haven't made up my mind yet. But I think I (find) something nice in my mum's wardrobe.
4. I completely forget about this. Give me a moment, I (do) it now.
5. Tonight, I (stay) home. I've rented a video.
6. I feel dreadful. I (be) sick.
7. If you have any problem, I (help) you.
8. The weatherforcast says it (not/ rain) tomorrrow
9. I promise that I (not/ come) late.
10. Look at those clouds. It (rain) now.
1. will probably go
2. are you going to wear
3. will find
4. will do
5. am going to stay
6. am going to be
7. will help
8. isn’t going to snow
9. won’t come
10. is going to rain
Task 2. Hoàn thành các câu sau sử dụng dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc.
1. I have bought two tickets. My wife and I ____________ (see) a movie tonight.
2. Mary thinks Peter _______________ (get) the job.
3. A: “I _____________(move) from my house tomorrow. I have packed everything”
B: “I _______________ (come) and help you.”
4. If I have enough money, I _____________ (buy) a new car.
5. I _____________ (be) there at four o'clock, I promise.
6. The meeting ____________ (take) place at 4 p.m.
7. If you eat all of that cake, you ________________ (feel) sick.
8. They __________ (be) at home at 10 o'clock because their son is staying alone at home.
9. Perhaps she ______________ (not / be) able to come tomorrow.
10. Because of the train delay, the meeting ________(not / take) place at 10 o'clock.
1. I have bought two tickets. My wife and I are going to see a movie tonight.
2. Mary thinks Peter will get the job
3. A: “I am going to move from my house tomorrow. I have packed everything.”
B: “I will come and help you.”
4. If I have enough money, I will buy a new car.
5. I will be there at four o'clock, I promise.
6. The meeting is going to take place at 4 p.m.
7. If you eat all of that cake, you will feel sick
8. They are going to be at home at 10 o'clock because their son is staying alone at home.
9. Perhaps she won’t be able to come tomorrow
10. Because of the train delay, the meeting isn’t going to take place at 10 o'clock.
Task 3. Hoàn thành câu dùng từ gợi ý đã cho
1. She/not/want/eat/sweet cakes//I/think/consume/vegetables.
3. father/know/my bike/break//fix/this afternoon.
5. He/take care/her/well//Don’t worry.
1. She doesn’t want to eat sweet cakes, I think she will consume vegetables.
2. You should bring your coat because the weather is going to be cold.
3. My father knows that my bike has broken, so he is going to fix it this afternoon.
4. Her friends will stay here until they finish their project.
5. He will take care of her well. Don’t worry!
Task 4. Complete the sentences using will or going to
1. A: Why are you turning on the television?
B: I'm going to watch the news (I/watch)
2. A: Oh. I've just realized. I haven't got any money.
B: Haven't you? Well, don't worry. ...... you some (I/lend)
3. A: I've got a headache.
B: Have you? Wait a second and .... an aspirin for you (I/get)
4. A: Why are you filling that bucket with water?
B: ..... the car (I/wash)
5. A: I've decided to repaint this room.
B: Oh, have you? What colour .... it (you/paint)
6. A: Where are you doing?Are you going shopping?
B: Yes, .... something for dinner (I/buy)
7. A: I don't know how to use this camera.
B: It's easy. ...... you (I/show)
8. A: What would you like to eat?
B: ..... a sandwich, please? (I/have)
9. A: Did you post that letter for me?
B: Oh. I'm sorry. I completely forgot. ........ it now (I/do)
10. A: The ceiling in this room doesn't look very safe, does it?
B: No, it looks as if .... down (it/fall)
2. I'll lend
3. I'll get
4. I'll going to wash
5. are you going to paint
6. I'll going to buy
7. I'll show
8. I'll have
9. I'll do
10. it's going to fall
Task 5. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc trong phần bên dưới.
1.Tam (do) ____________ that exercise at 8 p.m tommorrow.
2. Linda (go) ___________ to school early.
3. I think they (marry) __________ next year.
4. A: Go and tidy your bedroom.
B: I (not/do) __________ it.
5. A: Why don’t we meet for office on Monday afternoon?
B: Sorry. I can’t. I (see) ____________ the doctor then.
6. ‘My best friend had an accident yesterday’. Oh! I see I (visit) ___________ her.
7. They (stay) _____________ here until he answers them.
8. She’s sure that her boss (understand) ______________ her problem.
9. Don’t worry! I (drive) _____________ carefully.
10. He (talk) ______________ to her. Very soon she (talk) ______________ to her.
1. is going to do
2. will go
3. will marry
4. won’t do
6. will visit
7. will stay
8. will understand
9. am going to drive
10. is going to walk – will talk
Task 6. Tìm và sửa lỗi sai (nếu có)
1. Binh is having the salad and the chicken now.
2. Son isn’t playing the piano tonight.
3. S: There’s no coffee left. - P: Oh! I get some from the shop.
4. Are you going to walking home tonight?
5. The concern is going to finishing early tomorrow evening.
1.is having → will have (quyết định ngay thời điểm nói)
2. isn’t playing → isn’t going to play (hành động chắc chắn xảy ra ở tương lai)
3. get → will get (hành động có thể xảy ra trong tương lai)
4. walking → walk (sau be going to + Vinf)
5. finishing → finish (sau be going to + Vinf)
Task 7. Hoàn thành các câu sau và chia động từ thích hợp
5. painter/not/going/paint/white wall.
6. You/going/see/new movie/theater/I/see/last week.
7. Lan/going/take part/contest?
8. My sister/forget/phone/me/./She/do/it/immediately.
1.Where are you going to to for dinner?
2. What are you going to drink?
3. When will Begin be famous?
4. I think I’ll get a taxi because I’m very tired now.
5. The painter isn’t going to paint the white wall.
6. You are going to see the new movie at the theater I saw last week.
7. Is Lan going to take part in the contest?
8. My sister has forgotten phoning me. She will do it immediately.
Task 8. Hoàn thành các email bên dưới sử dụng thì tương lai gần tell change move not buy like find not travel kill not tidy work
I’m writing to you to let you know that I ………….. to Devon. I can’t wait anymore! Everything ………………….. in my life. We want to live in a house near the sea. We …………………….. a big house, because we ……………………. it all weekends. Do you know Devon? If not, you must come to see us. I’m sure you………….. it there.
My wife and I ……………….. new jobs too, because Brighton is too far away and we ………………….. to work for hours every day. We …………… somewhere near our home. My boss doesn’t know about it, but I ……….. him soon. He ………….. me!
I have to go now. Please, write back soon.
Bye for now,
I am going to move
Everything is going to change
We are not going to buy
we are not going to tidy
you are going to like
My wife and I are going to find
we are not going to travel
We are going to work
I am going to tell
He is going to kill
Task 9. Viết thành câu hoàn chỉnh dựa vào những từ gợi ý:
1. She/ hope/ that/ Mary/ come/ party/ tonight.
- She hopes that Mary will come to the party tonight.
2. I/ finish/ my report/ 2 days.
3. If/ you/ not/ study/ hard/ ,/ you/ not/ pass/ final/ exam.
4. You/ look/ tired/ ,/ so/ I/ bring/ you/ something/ eat.
5. you/ please/ give/ me/ lift/ station ?
2. I will/ I'll finish my report in 2 days.
3. If you don't study hard, you will not/won't pass the final exam.
4. You look tired, so I will/I'll bring you something to eat.
5. Will you please give me a lift to the station?
Task 10. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc.
1. I (do)__________it for you tomorrow.
2. My father (call)_____________you in 5 minutes.
3. We believe that she (recover)_______________from her illness soon.
4. I promise I (return)______________to school on time.
5. If it rains, he (stay)____________at home.
6. You (take) me to the zoo this weekend?
7. I think he (not come)_______________back his hometown.
1. will do
2. will call
3. will recover
4. will return
5. will stay
6. Will you take me to the zoo this weekend?
7. will not come/ won't come
Xem thêm các bài tập Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh cực hay có lời giải chi tiết khác:
- Bài tập Thì tương lai tiếp diễn cực hay có lời giải
- Bài tập Thì tương lai hoàn thành cực hay có lời giải
- Bài tập Câu bị động (theo các thì) cực hay có lời giải
- Bài tập Câu bị động (động từ khuyết thiếu) cực hay có lời giải