Bài tập Câu bị động (động từ khuyết thiếu) cực hay có lời giải

PHẦN I. LÝ THUYẾT

1. Can/ Could: có thể

Can + V → Can + be + V3/V-ed.

Could + V → Could + be + V3/V-ed.

Eg: I can't see the words on the board → The words on the board can't be seen.

(Tôi không thể nhìn thấy chữ trên bảng → Chữ trên bảng không thể được nhìn thấy).

2. May/Might: có thể

May + V → May + be + V3/V-ed.

Might + V → Might + be + V3/V-ed.

Eg: They may announce this news soon → This news may be announced soon.

(Họ có thể thông báo tin tức sớm → Tin tức sẽ được thông báo sớm).

3. Should/Ought to: nên

Should + V → Should + be + V3/V-ed.

Ought to + V → Ought to + be + V3/V-ed.

Eg: You should repair your car → Your car should be repaired.

(Bạn nên sửa chữa ôtô của bạn → Ôtô của bạn nên được sửa chữa).

4. Must/Have to: phải

Must + V → Must + be + V3/V-ed.

Have to + V → Have to + be + V3/V-ed.

Eg: You must wear the helmet → The helmet must be worn.

(Bạn phải đội nón bảo hiểm → Nón bảo hiểm phải được đội).

5. Will/Be going to: sẽ

Will + V → Will + be + V3/V-ed.

Be going to +V → Be going to + be + V3/V-ed.

Eg: They will hold a party next to a pool → A party will be held next to a pool.

PHẦN II. BÀI TẬP ÁP DỤNG

Task 1. Chuyển các câu hỏi sau sang thể bị động.

1. When will you do the work?

2. How are you going to deal with this problem?

3. How do you spend this amount of money?

4. I wonder whether the board of directors will choose Susan or Jane for the position.

5. How did the police find the lost man?

1. When will the work be done?

2. How is this problem going to be dealt with?

3. How is this amount of money spent?

4. I wonder whether Susan or Jane will be chosen for the position by the board of directors.

5. How was the lost man found by the police?

Task 2. Chuyển các câu sau sang thể bị động.

1. The waiter brings me this dish.

2. Our friends send these postcards to us.

3. Their grandmother told them this story when they visited her last week.

4. Tim ordered this train ticket for his mother.

5. She showed her ticket to the airline agent.

1. This dish is brought to me by the waiter.

2. These postcards are sent to us by our friends.

3. They were told this story by their grandmother when they visited her last week.

4. This train ticket was ordered for Tom’s mother by him.

5. Her ticket was shown to the airline agent by her.

Task 3. Chuyển các câu sau sang câu bị động

1. Mary types letters in the office.

2. His father will help you tomorrow.

3. Science and technology have completely changed human life.

4. Peter broke this bottle.

5. They are learning English in the room.

6. Nothing can change my mind.

7. No one had told me about it.

8. I don't know her telephone number.

9. My students will bring the children home.

10. They sent me a present last week.

1. Letters are typed in the office by Mary.

2. You'll be helped by his father tomorrow.

3. The human life has completely been changed with science and technology.

4. This bottle was broken by Peter.

5. English is being learnt in the room.

6. My mind can't be changed.

7. I hadn't been told about it.

8. Her telephone number isn't known.

9. The children will be brought home by my students.

10. I was sent a present last week.

Task 4. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc

1. Toshico had her car (repair) by a mechanic.

2. Ellen got Marvin (type) her paper.

3. We got our house (paint) last week.

4. Dr Byrd is having the students (write ) a composition.

5. Mark got his transcripts (send) to the university.

6. Maria is having her hair (cut) tomorrow.

7. Will Mr. Brown have the porter (carry) his luggage to his car?

1. repaired

2. to type

3. painted

4. write

5. sent

6. cut

7. carry

Task 5. Chuyển các câu có 2 tân ngữ sau sang câu bị động

1. They paid me a lot of money to do the job.

2. The teacher gave each of us two exercise books.

3. Someone will tell him that news.

4. They have sent enough money to those poor boys.

5. They have given the women in most countries in the world the right to vote.

1. I was paid a lot of money to do the job.

2. Each of us was given two exercise books by the teacher.

3. He will be told that news.

4. Those poor boys have been sent enough money.

5. The women in most countries in the world have been given the right to vote.

Task 6. Chuyển các câu sau sang câu bị động

1. Mary types letters in the office.

2. His father will help you tomorrow.

3. Science and technology have completely changed human life.

4. Peter broke this bottle.

5. They are learning English in the room.

6. Nothing can change my mind.

7. No one had told me about it.

8. I don't know her telephone number

9. My students will bring the children home.

10. They sent me a present last week.

1. Letters are typed in the office by Mary.

2. You'll be helped by his father tomorrow.

3. The human life has completely been changed with science and technology.

4. This bottle was broken by Peter.

5. English is being learnt in the room.

6. My mind can't be changed.

7. I hadn't been told about it.

8. Her telephone number isn't known.

9. The children will be brought home by my students.

10. I was sent a present last week.

Task 7. Chuyển các câu sau sang câu bị động

1. She gave us more information.

2. The chief engineer was instructing all the workers of the plan.

3. They can't make tea with cold water.

4. Somebody has taken some of my books away.

5. They will hold the meeting before May Day.

6. They have to repair the engine of the car.

7. The boys broke the window and took away some pictures.

8. People spend a lot of money on advertising every day.

9. Teacher is going to tell a story.

10. Mary is cutting a cake with a sharp knife.

1. We were given more information.

2. All the workers of the plan were being instructed by the chief engineer.

3. Tea can't be made with cold water.

4. Some of my books have been taken away.

5. The meeting will be held before May Day.

6. The engine of the car has to be repaired.

7. The window was broken and some pictures were taken away by the boys.

8. A lot of money is spent on advertising every day.

9. A story is going to be told by teacher.

10. A cake is being cut with a sharp knife by Mary.

Task 8. Chuyển các câu hỏi dạng đảo Có/ Không sang câu bị động

1. Is she going to write a poem?

2. Is she making big cakes for the party?

3. Are the police making inquires about the thief?

4. Must we finish the test before ten?

5. Will buses bring the children home?

6. Have you finished your homework?

1. Is a poem going to be written?

2. Are big cakes being made for the party?

3. Are inquires about the thief being made by the police?

4. Must the test be finished before ten?

5. Will the children be brought home with buses?

6. Has your homework been finished?

Task 9. Chuyển các câu hỏi bắt đầu bằng từ hỏi "H/ WH" sau sang câu bị động

1. How can they open this safe?

2. What books are people reading this year?

3. How did the police find the lost man?

4. Who look after the children for you?

5. How long have they waited for the doctor?

6. What time can the boys hand in their papers?

7. Who lend you this book?

8. How many marks does the teacher give you?

1. How can this be opened safe?

2. What books are being read this year?

3. How was the lost man found by the police?

4. By whom are the children looked after for you?

5. How long has the doctor been waited for?

6. What time can their papers be handed in by the boys?

7. By whom is this book lent?

8. How many marks are given to you by the teacher?

Task 10. Chuyển các câu sau sang bị động

1. The children looked at the woman with a red hat.

2. They have provided the victims with food and clothing.

3. People speak English in almost every corner of the world.

4. You mustn't use this machine after 5:30 p.m.

5. After class, one of the students always erases the chalk board.

1. The woman with a red hat was looked at by the children.

2. The victims have been provided with food and clothing.

3. English is spoken in almost every corner of the world.

4. This machine mustn't be used after 5:30 p.m.

5. After class, the chalk board is always erased by one of the students.

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