Bài tập Câu điều kiện loại 1 cực hay có lời giải

PHẦN I. LÝ THUYẾT

1. Cấu trúc

If + S + V (hiện tại), S + will + V (nguyên mẫu)

Cách nhớ: mệnh đề IF dùng thì hiện tại đơn. Mệnh đề chính dùng thì tương lai đơn.

Ví dụ: If I tell her everything, she will know how much I love her.

Nếu tôi nói cho cô ấy tất cả mọi chuyện, cô ấy sẽ biết tôi yêu cô ấy nhiều như thế nào.

2. Cách dùng

- Câu điều kiện loại 1 dùng để chỉ sự việc có thể xảy ra ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai

Ví dụ: If I get up early in the morning, I will go to school on time.

Nếu tôi dậy sớm vào buổi sáng, tôi sẽ đến trường học đúng giờ.

- Câu điều kiện loại 1 có thể sử dụng để đề nghị và gợi ý:

Ví dụ: If you need a ticket, I can get you one.

Nếu bạn cần mua vé, tôi có thể mua dùm bạn một cái.

- Câu điều kiện loại 1 dùng để cảnh báo hoặc đe dọa

Ví dụ: If you come in, he will kill you.

Nếu bạn bước vào đó, anh ta sẽ giết bạn.

3. Đảo ngữ câu điều kiện loại I

Cấu trúc: Should + S + (not) + V (nguyên thể)

Ví dụ: If he comes, tell him to wait for me.

→ Should he come, tell him to wait for me.

PHẦN II. BÀI TẬP ÁP DỤNG

Task 1. Put the verbs in the brackets in the correct tense

1. If I _____ (study), I _____ (pass) the exams.

2. If the sun _____ (shine), we _____ (walk) to the town.

3. If he _____ (have) a temperature, he _____ (see) the doctor.

4. If my friends _____ (come), I _____ (be) very happy.

5. If she _____ (earn) a lot of money, she _____ (fly) to New York.

6. If we _____ ( travel) to London, we _____ (visit) the museums.

7. If you _____ (wear) sandals in the mountains, you _____ (slip) on the rocks.

8. If Rita _____ (forget) her homework, the teacher _____ (give) her a low mark.

9. If they _____ (go) to the disco, they _____ (listen) to loud music.

10. If you _____ (wait) a minute, I _____ (ask) my parents.

1. If I study, I will pass the exams.

2. If the sun shines, we will walk to the town.

3. If he has a temperature, he will see the doctor.

4. If my friends come, I will be very happy.

5. If she earns a lot of money, she will fly to New York.

6. If we travel to London, we will visit the museums.

7. If you wear sandals in the mountains, you will slip on the rocks.

8. If Rita forgets her homework, the teacher will give her a low mark.

9. If they go to the disco, they can listen to loud music.

10. If you wait a minute, I will ask my parents.

Task 2. Using the given information, make conditional sentences using “IF”

1. Rita might fail her driving test. But she can take it again.

_____________________________________________

2. Liverpool might lose. If they do, Terry will be upset.

_____________________________________________

3. The office may be closed. In that case, Mike won't be able to get in.

_____________________________________________

4. Cathy may arrive a bit early. If she does, she can help her mother to get things ready.

_____________________________________________

5. The party might go on all night. If it does, no one will want to do any work tomorrow.

_____________________________________________

1. If Rita fails her driving test, she can take it again.

2. If Liverpool is won, Terry will be upset

3. If the office is closed, Mike will be able to get in

4. If Cathy arrives a bit early, she can help her mother to get things ready.

5. If the party is go on all night, no one will want to do any work tomorrow.

Task 3. Put the verbs in the brackets in the correct tense

1. David will leave for Rent tomorrow if the weather _____ (be) fine.

2. What will you do if you _____ (not / go) away for the weekend ?

3. The game _____ (start) if you put a coin in the slot.

4. If you _____ (be) scared of spiders, don’t go into the garden.

5. We’ll have to go without John if he ( not arrive) _____soon.

6. Please don’t disturb him if he_____ (be) busy.

7. If she _____ (accept) your card and roses, things will be very much hopeful.

8. If a holiday_____ (fall) on a weekend, go to the beach.

9. If she (come) _____ late again, she’ll lose her job.

10. If he (wash) _____my car, I’ll give him $20.

1. is

2. don’t go

3. will start

5. doesn’t arrive

6. is

7. accepts

8. falls

9. comes

10. washes

Task 4. Using the given information, make conditional sentences using “IF”

1. Alice may miss the train. But she can get the next one.

_____________________________________________

2. Is Jack going to enter the race? He'll probably win it.

_____________________________________________

3. Stop talking or you won’t understand the lesson

_____________________________________________

4. Fail to pay and they will cut off the electricity.

_____________________________________________

5. Don’t touch that wire or you may get an electric shock.

_____________________________________________

1. If Alice misses the train, she can get the next one.

2. If Jack is going to enter the race, he'll probably win it.

3. If you don’t stop talking, you won’t understand the lesson.

4. If you fail to pay, they’ll cut off the electricity

5. If you touch that wire, you may get an electricity shock.

Task 5. Using the inversion in conditional sentence

1. If you call him immediately, he will come.

2. If it rains, we won't go cycling to the museum.

3. If he gets sick, he will see the doctor.

4. If you don’t come, I will be very sad.

5. If she earns a lot of money, she will fly to New York.

1. Should you call him immediately, he will come.

2. Should it rain, we won't go cycling to the museum.

3. Should he get sick, he will see the doctor.

4. Should you not come, I will be very sad.

5. Should she earn a lot of money, she will fly to New York.

Task 6. Put the verbs in the brackets in the correct tense

1. He’ll be late for the train if he (not start) _____ at once.

2. If I lend you $100, when you (repay) _____me?

3. Unless I have a quiet room I (not be able) _____to do any work.

4. If we leave the car here, it (not be) _____ in anybody’s way.

5. Someone (steal) _____ your car if you leave it unlocked.

6. Unless he (sell) _____more, he won’t get much commission.

7. If you come late, they (not let) _____you in.

8. If you (not go) _____away I’ll send for the police.

9. If he _____ (eat) all that, he will be ill.

10. What _____ (happen) if my parachute does not open?

1. doesn’t start

2. will you repay

3. won’t be able

4. won’t be

5. will steal

6. sells

7. won’t let

8. don’t go

9. eats

10. will happen

Task 7. Put the verbs in the brackets in the correct tense

1. If we ________ (send) an invitation, our friends _________ (come) to our party.

2. He __________ (not/ understand) you if you _________ (whisper).

3. They __________ (not/ survive) in the desert if they __________ (not/take) extra water with them.

4. If you __________ (press) CTRL + s, you __________ (save) the file.

5. You __________ (cross) the Channel if you __________ (fly) from Paris to London.

1. send/will come

2. will not understand/whisper.

3. will not survive/do not take

4. press/will save

5. will cross/fly

Task 8. Rewrite the following sentences as directed

1. If she should come, tell her to wait for me. (using inversion with SHOULD)

……………………………………………………………………………………

2. If I don’t come here early, I will miss the bus.

→ Unless………………………………………………………………………

3. If he doesn’t do that, he will get bonus.

→ Unless………………………………………………………………………

4. If she doesn’t water these trees, they will die

→ Unless………………………………………………………………………

5. I only come if they invite me.

→ Unless………………………………………………………………………

6. In case it rains, we’ll stay at home. (if)

……………………………………………………………………………………

7. If you don’t leave the office, I will call the police. (or)

……………………………………………………………………………………

8. You can’t visit Paris unless you get a visa. (If)

……………………………………………………………………………………

1. Should she come, tell her to wait for me.

2. Unless I come here early, I will miss the bus.

3. Unless he does that, he will get bonus.

4. Unless she waters these trees, they will die

5. Unless they invite me, I will not come

6. If it rains, we’ll stay at home

7. Leave the office or I will call the phone

8. If you don’t get a visa, you can’t visit Paris

Task 9. Put the verbs in the brackets in the correct tense

1. Fred __________ (answer) the phone if his wife __________ (have) a bath.

2. If Claire ________ (wear) this dress at the party, our guests ______ (not/stay) any longer.

3. If I __________ (touch) this snake, my girlfriend __________ (not/ scream).

4. She __________ (forget) to pick you up if you __________ (not/phone) her.

5. I __________ (remember) you if you __________ (give) me a photo.

1. will answer/has

2. wears/will not stay

3. touch/ will not scream.

4. will forget/do not phone

5. will remember/give

Task 10. Cho dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc với câu điều kiện loại 1

1. If I (study), I (pass) the exams.

2. If the sun (shine), we (walk) into town.

3. If he (have) a temperature, he (see) the doctor.

4. If my friends (come), I (be) very happy.

5. If she (earn) a lot of money, she (fly) to New York.

6. If we (travel) to Hanoi, we (visit) the museums.

7. If you (wear) sandals in the mountains, you (slip) on the rocks.

8. If Giang (forget) her homework, the teacher (give) her a low mark.

9. If they (go) to the disco, they (listen) to loud music.

10. If you (wait) a minute, I (ask) my parents.

1. study/will pass

2. shines/will walk

3. has/must see

4. come/will be

5. earns/will fly

6. travel/will visit

7. wear/may slip

8. forgets/will give

9. go/have to

10. wait/will ask

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