Bài tập Tiếng Anh 11 Unit 5: Illiteracy

Unit 5

Bài tập Tiếng Anh 11 Unit 5: Illiteracy

I. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others:

Quảng cáo

1. a. pleasing   b. pleasant   c. pleasure   d. plenty

2. a. brow   b. blow   c. proud   d. how

3. a. precise   b. pressure   c. pretty   d. pretend

4. a. black   b. blanket   c. brace   d. branch

5. a. blind   b. pride   c. bridge   d. blight

II. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c, or d - that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase:

6. The price of petrol has gone ____ by over 50 percent in less than a year.

a. out     b. up     c. over     d. off

7. At present, more and more people are taking part in the struggle ______ illiteracy

a. for     b. with     c. against     d. to

8. The Vietnam Society of Learning Promotion started a campaign ______ illiteracy eradication.

a. on     b. in     c. of     d. for

9. Most of the students felt that ______ respect in classroom was essential for effective learning to take place.

a. mutual     b. considerable

c. deep     d. grudging

10. Modem farming methods can have an adverse ______ on the environment.

a. effect     b. effective

c. effectiveness     d. effectively

11. Once we have all relevant information, we can make a decision.

a. correct     b. connected

c. available     d. confidential

Quảng cáo

12. The government has launched a ______ aimed at educating young people about the dangers of drugs.

a. struggle     b. program

c. combat     d. campaign

13. People judged to be functionaIly ______ lack the basic reading and writing skills.

a. literate     b. literacy

c. illiterate     d. illiteracy

14. The students were asked to ______ reading and writing skills to the villagers.

a. deliver     b. express

c. provide     d. support

15. More work has been done to eradicate illiteracy in our country.

a. put up with     b. get rid of

c. take control of     d. cut down on

16. Illiterate people lack the basic reading and writing skills ______ in everyday life.

a. to require     b. requiring

c. that require     d. required

17. Illiteracy rates ______ in recent years.

a. fell     b. have fallen

c. was falling     d. had fallen

18. She was the first in her family ______ a college education.

a. get     b. getting

c. to get     d. gotten

19. They asked ______ our bags outside the exam room.

a. to leave     b. us to leave

c. we leave     d. us leaving

20. Before the meeting finished they arranged when ______ next.

a. they met     b. they to meet

c. should they meet     d. to meet

Quảng cáo

III. Identify the one underlined word or phrase - A, B, C or D - that must be changed for the sentence to be correct:

Soạn Tiếng Anh 11 Unit | Tiếng Anh 11 và giải bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11

IV. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answers:

In the primary school, a child is in a comparatively simple setting and most of the time forms a relationship with one familiar teacher. On entering secondary school, a new world opens up and frequently it is a much more difficult world. The pupil soon learns to be less free in the way he speaks to teachers and even to his fellow pupils. He begins to lose gradually the free and easy ways of the primary school, for he senses the need for a more cautious approach in the secondary school where there are older pupils, secondary staff and pupils suffer from the pressures of academic work and seem to have less time to stop and talk. Teachers with specialist roles may see hundreds of children in a week, and a pupil may be able to form relationships with very few of the staff. He has to decide which adults are approachable; good schools will make clear to every young person from the first year what guidance and personal help is available - but whether the reality of life in the institution actually encourages requests for help is another matter.

Adults often forget what a confusing picture school can offer to a child. He sees a great deal of movement, a great number of people – often rather frightening-looking people - and realizes that an increasing number of choices and decisions have to be made. As he progresses through the school the confusion may become less but the choices and decisions required will increase. The school will rightly expect the pupil to take the first steps to obtain the help he needs, for this is the pattern of adult life for which he has to be prepared, but all the time the opportunities for personal and group advice must be presented in a way which makes them easy to understand and within easy reach of pupils.

26. According to the passage one of the problems for pupils entering secondary schools is that _________.

a. they are taught by many different teachers

b. they do not attend lessons in every subject

c. the teachers do not want to be friendly

d. the teachers give most attention to the more academic pupils

27. In secondary schools every pupil having problems should _________.

a. be able to discuss 'his problems in class

b. be able to discuss his problems with any teacher

c. know how to ask for help

d. be freed from any pressure of academic work.

28. Talking about secondary schools, the author is mainly concerned about _________.

a. academic standards

b. the personal development of pupils

c. the role of specialist teachers

d. the training of the individual teachers

29. The word 'approachable' means most nearly the same as _________.

a. friendly and easy to talk to     b. desirable

c. capable of offering accommodation     d. advisable

30. According to the passage adults usually ______________.

a. think that children learn better in secondary school

b. neglect their children when they enter secondary school

c. fail to encourage their .children to work hard

d. fail to know how confusing things may be to a child when she enters secondary school.

V. Choose the correct word or phrase - a, b, c or d - that best completes the passage:

The traditional definition of literacy is considered to be the ability to read and write, or the ability to use language to, read, write, listen, and speak. In modern contexts, the word refers to reading and writing at a level (31) _____ for communication, or at a level that lets one understand and communicate ideas in a literate society,' so as to take (32) _______ in that society. The United Nations, Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has drafted the following definition: “Literacy is the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written 'materials (33) _______ with varying contexts. Literacy involves a continuum of learning to enable an Individual to achieve his or her goals, to develop his, or her ability and potential, and to participate (34)____ in the wider society."

Many policy analysts consider literacy rates a crucial measure of a region's human capital. This claim is made on the (35) _______ that literate people can be trained less expensively than illiterate people, generally have a higher socio-economic (36) _______ and enjoy better health and employment prospects. Policy makers also argue that literacy increases job opportunities and access to higher education. In Kerala, India, for example, female and child mortality rates declined (37) _______ in the 1960s, when girls who were educated in the education reforms after 1948 began to raise families. Recent researchers, (38) _______, argue that correlations such as, the one listed above may have more to do with the effects of schooling rather than literacy in general. Regardless, the (39)_______ of educational systems worldwide includes a basic (40) _______ around communication through test and print, which is the foundation of most definitions of literacy.

31. a. important     b. adequate

c. adaptable     d. suitable

32. a. control     b. comfort

c. part     d. honor

33. a. associated     b. worked

c. appropriated     d. related

34. a. fully     b. full

c. fullness     d. fuller

35. a. basics     b. ways

c. foundations     d. grounds

36. a. status     b. request

c. requirement     d. statement

37. a. actually     b. dramatically

c. extremely     d. accurately

38. a. therefore     b. however

c. consequently     d. additionally

39. a. main     b. majority

c. major     d. demand

40. a. conclusion     b. content

c. contact     d. context

Đáp án

Câu Hướng dẫn Câu Hướng dẫn
1. a /i:/, còn lại: /e/ 21. C to not touch → not to touch
2. b /əʊ/, còn lại: /aʊ/ 22. D in → on
4. c /ei/, còn lại: /æ/ 24. B told → told us
5. c /ɪ/, còn lại: /aɪ/ 25. A required → requiring
6. b go up = increase 26. a “Teachers with specialist roles may see hundreds of children in a week…”
7. c the struggle against …: cuộc chiến chống lại … 27. c “...good schools will make clear to every young person from the first year what guidance and personal help is available…”
8. d 28. b
9. a mutual respect: sự tôn trọng nhau 29. a approachable: có thể đến thăm dò ý kiến; có thể tiếp xúc để đặt vấn đề
10. a 30. d “Adults often forget what a confusing picture school can offer to a child.”
11. b relevant: thích hợp, xác đáng 31. d be suitable for …: phù hợp với …
12. d campaign: chiến dịch 32. c take part in: tham gia vào
13. c illiterate: mù chữ, thất học 33. a
14. c 34. a
15. b eradicate: xóa bỏ 35. d on the grounds: trên các căn cứ
16. d require: đòi hỏi, yêu cầu 36. a status: trạng thái
17. b fall = decrease 37. b dramatically: đột ngột
18. c 38. b
19. b ask sb to V: yêu cầu ai đó làm việc gì 39. d demand: sự đòi hỏi, sự yêu cầu; nhu cầu
20. d 40. d context: phạm vi, khunh cảnh

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