Bài tập Unit 4 lớp 12

Unit 4 lớp 12: School Education System

Bài tập Unit 4 lớp 12

I. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others:

1. a. academic    b. grade    c. behave    d. examination

2. a. whether    b. mathematics    c. method    d. thesis

3. a. choose    b. school    c. good    d. soon

4. a. struggle    b. publish    c. compulsory    d. curriculum

5. a. education    b. certificate    c. core    d. obstacles

II. Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest:

6. a. separate    b. parallel    c. national    d. statistic

7. a. magazine    b. engineer    c. government    d. entertain

8. a. primary    b. favourite    c. effective    d. organise

9. a. eleven    b. history    c. nursery    d. different

10. a. consider    b. similar    c. actually    d. carefully

III. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d - that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase:

11. He ___________ to report for duty at 7 o’clock.

a. already told    b. has already told

c. was already told    d. had already been told

12. We have had our car ___________ so we need a lift.

a. stolen    b. to be solen

c. was stolen    d. have been stolen

13. It’s a difficult problem. It needs __________ about very carefully.

a. to think    b. thinking

c. being thought    d. to be thinking

14. Thirty workers are reported _____________ in the explosion.

a. to injure    b. to have injured

c. to have been injured    d. to be injured

15. There was a fight at the party but nobody _____________.

a. got hurt    b. was being hurt

c. have been hurt    d. gets being hurt

16. As an _______, Mr. James is very worried about the increasing of juvenile delinquency.

a. educate    b. education    c. educator    d. educative

17. In England, primary education is provided by state schools run by the government and by _______ fee-paying schools.

a. independent    b. independently

c. depended    d. independence

18. The United Nations Secretary-General has often spoken of the need for individual _______ and human rights in his speeches.

a. free    b. freedom    c. freely    d. freeing

19. A/an _______ is an official document stating that you have passed an examination, completed a course, or achieved some necessary qualifications.

a. certificate    b. requirement    c. education    d. test

20. Wayne is trying his best to study in hope that he will _______ fame and fortune in the near future.

a. lose    b. run    c. move    d. achieve

IV. Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase:

Children in (21) _____ Netherlands must be at least four years old to (22) _____ primary education. Almost all 4-year-olds (99.3%) in the country indeed attend primary school, (23) _____ this is not compulsory until children reach the age (24) _____ 5. Primary school is free of charge. In most schools, children are grouped by (25) _____ in mixed ability classes, with one teacher for all subjects. Primary school (26) _____ of 8 groups, thus schooling (27) _____ for 8 years. During the first two years, which (28) _____ kindergarten, children receive an average of 22 hours of (29) _____, during the last 6 years children receive an average of 25 hours per week. Schools are open 5 days a week, but children are free on Wednesday afternoon. At the end of primary school, or in group 8, schools advice on secondary school choice. Most schools use a national test to support this advice, for instance the “Citotoets”, a test (30) ____ by the Central Institute for Test development.

21. a. a    b. an    c. the    d. Ø

22. a. afford    b. enter    c. come    d. run

23. a. although    b. despite    c. in spite    d. due to

24. a. of    b. on    c. in    d. for

25. a. old    b. elderly    c. aging    d. age

26. a. includes    b. contains    c. consists    d. composes

27. a. spends    b. lasts    c. lengthens    d. takes

28. a. also called    b. is also called    c. is called also    d. is also calling

29. a. educate    b. educative    c. educator    d. education

30. a. develop    b. to develop    c. developed    d. developing

V. Read the two passages carefully and choose the correct answer:

In developing countries, people are sometimes unaware of the importance of education, and there is economic pressure from those parents who prioritize their children's, making money in the short term over any long-term benefits of education. Recent studies on child labor and, poverty have suggested that when poor families reach a certain economic threshold where families are able to provide for their basic needs, parents return their children to school. This has been found to be true, once the threshold has been breached, even if the potential economic value of the children's work has increased since their return to school.

Other problems are that teachers are often paid less than other professions; a lack of good universities and a low acceptance rate for good universities are evident in countries with a relatively high population density.

India has launched EDUSAT, an education satellite that can reach remote parts of the country at a greatly reduced cost. There is also ail initiative supported by several major corporations to develop a $100 laptop. The laptops have been available since 2007. The laptops, sold at cost, will enable developing countries to give their children a digital education. In Africa, an "e-school program" has been launched to provide all 600,000 primary and high schools with computer equipment, learning materials and internet access within 10 years. Volunteer groups are working to give more individuals opportunity to receive education in developing countries through such programs as the Perpetual Education Fund. An International Development Agency project started with the support of American President Bill Clinton uses the Internet to allow co-operation by individuals on issues of social development.

(*) Từ mới:

threshold: bước đầu, ngưỡng cửa;

breach: phá vỡ;

evident: hiển nhiên, rõ rệt;

initiative: bước đầu, sự khởi đầu, sáng kiến;

31. In developing countries, ___________________.

a. people all know that education is very important all the time

b. all parents are rich enough to send their children to school

c. children have rights to get high schooling

d. children have to work instead of going to school

32. According to recent studies, when parents are able to overcome their financial difficulty, _________________________.

a. they send their children back to school

b. they still make their children continue working

c. they have their children work even harder

d. they themselves continue their schooling

33. In populous countries, ______________________.

a. teaching is the highest-paid career

b. there are a lot of good universities

c. there is a lack of good universities

d. no other careers are better paid than teaching

34. The third paragraph is about ____________________.

a. an Indian education satellite

b. the projects to computerize education in developing countries

c. the computerization of African education

d. President Bill Clinton who bought a lot of computers

35. How many projects are presented in the third paragraph?

a. One    b. Two    c. Three    d. Four

VI. Finish the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one, beginning with the given words or phrases:

36. For a long time the earth was believed to be flat.

For a long time people _______________________________________.

37. They decided to demolish the old threatre.

They decided that ___________________________________________.

38. She likes people to call her “star”.

She likes __________________________________________________.

39. He was seen to pick up the wallet.

People ____________________________________________________.

40. This box is cleared twice a day by the postman.

The postman _______________________________________________.

Đáp án

16c36For a long time people believed that the earth was flat.
17a37They decided that the old theatre should be demolished.
18b38She likes to be called “star”.
19a39People saw him pick up the wallet.
20d40The postman clears this box twice a day.

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