Đề thi Tiếng Anh lớp 12 mới Học kì 2 có đáp án (Đề 2)
Đề kiểm tra Tiếng Anh 12 - Học kì 2
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 1. In 2012, 9% of the energy in the USA came from the renewable sources. Out of this, hydro-power accounted for 16%.
Question 2. Corn, by the American Indians, was brought to Europe by Columbus.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 5. They asked me , but I was .
A. tell them
B. what did happen
D. last night
Question 6. It was of times that wheeled vehicles
B. the first
C. not until the end
Question 7. Some people that is not as convenient .
A. using cars
B. than using
C. often say
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the question.
One of the factors contributing to the intense nature of twenty-first-century stress is our continual exposure to media - particularly to an overabundance of news. If you feel stressed out by the news, you are far from alone. Yet somehow many of us seem unable to prevent ourselves from tuning in to an extreme degree. The further back we go in human history, the longer news took to travel from place to place, and the less news we had of distant people and lands altogether. The printing press obviously changed all that, as did every subsequent development in transportation and telecommunication.
When television came along, it proliferated like a population of rabbits. In 1950, there were 100,000 television sets in North American homes; one year later there were more than a million. Today, it’s not unusual for a home to have three or more television sets, each with cable access to perhaps over a hundred channels. News is the subject of many of those channels, and on several of them it runs 24 hours a day. What’s more, after the traumatic events of September 11, 2001, live new-casts were paired with perennial text crawls across the bottom of the screen - so that viewers could stay abreast of every story all the time. Needless to say, the news that is reported to us is not good news, but rather disturbing images and sound bytes alluding to disaster (natural and man-made), upheaval, crime, scandal, war, and the like.
Compounding the problem is that when actual breaking news is scarce, most broadcasts fill in with waistline, hairline, or very existence in the future. This variety of story tends to treat with equal alarm a potentially lethal flu outbreak and the bogus claims of a wrinkle cream that overpromises smooth skin. Are humans meant to be able to process so much trauma - not to mention so much overblown anticipation of potential trauma - at once? The human brain, remember, is programmed to slip into alarm mode when danger looms. Danger looms for someone, somewhere at every moment. Exposing ourselves to such input without respite and without perspective cannot be anything other than a source of chronic stress.
Question 8. According to the passage, which of the following has contributed to the intense nature of twenty- first century stress ?
A. Our inability to control ourselves
B. An overabundance of special news
C. The degree to which stress affects our life
D. Our continual exposure to the media
Question 9. In the past, we had less news of distant people and lands because________.
A. printing, transportation, and telecommunications were not developed
B. means of communication and transportation were not yet invented
C. the printing press changed the situation too slowly
D. most people lived in distant towns and villages
Question 10. According to the passage, our continual exposure to bad news without perspective is obviously________.
A. a source of defects in human brain
B. the result of human brain’s switch to alarm mode
C. a source of chronic stress
D. the result of an overabundance of good news
Question 11. According to the passage, when there is not enough actual breaking news, broadcasts________.
A. are full of dangerous diseases such as flu
B. are forced to publicise an alarming increase in crime
C. send out frightening stories about potential dangers
D. send out live newscasts paired with text across the screen
Question 12. Which of the following is NOT true, according to the passage?
A. Many people are under stress caused by the media.
B. The only source of stress in our modern life is the media.
C. The news that is reported to us is not good news.
D. Many TV channels supply the public with breaking news.
Question 13. The word “slip” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to________.
Question 14. The word “traumatic” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to________.
Question 15. What is probably the best title for this passage?
A. The Media - A Major Cause of Stress
B. More Modern Life - More Stress
C. Developments in Telecommunications
D. Effective Ways to Beat Stress
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 16. - Michel: "I failed my driving test again!" - Nick: “___________”
B. It's my pleasure.
C. I'm sorry to hear that.
D. Don't mention it.
Question 17. - Anna: “Would you like a glass of beer, Emma?” - Emma: “_________”
A. No, I don’t like.
B. Yes, here you are.
C. I wouldn’t say no.
D. Yes, not too bad.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 18. In some countries, the disease could be prevented through environmental improvements.
A. something sad
B. something to entertain
C. something enjoyable
D. something to suffer
Question 19. Population growth rates among regions and even among countries within the same region.
B. stay unchanged
C. remain unstable
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 20. My friend bought________ from a shop on Tran Phu street.
A. a nice leather brown belt
B. a nice brown leather belt
C. a leather brown nice belt
D. a brown nice leather belt
Question 21. He was so mean that he couldn’t bear to________ the smallest sum of money for the charity appeal.
A. let out
B. pay off
C. give in
D. part with
Question 22. Thousands of people came to see the Queen________ the rain.
A. according to
B. in spite of
C. owing to
Question 23. From an early age, Wolfgang had a(n)________ for music.
Question 24. She was so tired last night that she slept like________ until 10 o’clock this morning.
A. a log
C. a squirrel
D. a hill
Question 25. The last person________ will have to turn off the lights.
C. have left
D. to leave
Question 26. I thought I saw water in the distance but it must have been an optical________.
Question 27. He usually travels to________ Philadelphia by________ train.
A. the/ a
B. Ø/ a
C. the/ the
D. Ø/ Ø
Question 28. They have just visited the town________ location was little known.
Question 29. I'm becoming increasingly________. Last week I locked myself out of the house twice.
Question 30. Regular exercise and good diet will bring________ fitness and health.
Question 31. This shirt is________ that one.
A. not nearly as expensive as
B. a bit less expensive
C. as much expensive as
D. much far expensive than
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks.
Global warming is the current increase in temperature of the Earth’s surface (both land and water) as well as its atmosphere. Average temperature around the world have risen by 0.75°C (1.4°F) (32)_____ the last 100 years. About two thirds of this increase has occurred since 1975 in the past, when the Earth experienced increases in temperature it was the result of natural causes, but today it is being caused by accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere produced by human (33)______. The natural greenhouse effect maintains the Earth’s temperature at a safe level making it (34)_____ for humans and many other life forms to exist. However, since The Industrial Revolution what benefits human has significantly enhanced the greenhouse effect (35)______ the Earth’s average temperature to rise by almost 1°C . This is creating the global warming (36)_____ we see today.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
The tourist looking at the African savannah on a summer afternoon might be excused for thinking that the wide yellow grass plain was completely deserted of life, almost a desert. With only a few small thorn trees sticking out through the veldt, there seems to be almost no place for a living creature to hide. However, under those trees you might find small steenbok, sleeping in the shade, and waiting for the night to fall. There may even be a small group of lions somewhere, their bodies exactly the same shade as the tall grass around them. In the holes in the ground a host of tiny creatures, from rabbits and badgers to rats and' snakes are waiting for the heat to finish.
The tall grass also hides the fact that there may be a small stream running across the middle of the plain. One clue that there may be water here is the sight of a majestic Marshall eagle circling slowly over the grassland. When he drops, he may come up with a small fish, or maybe a grass snake that has been waiting at the edge of a pool in the hope of catching a frog. The best time to see the animals then, is in the evening, just as the sun is setting.
The best time of the year to come is in late September, or early August, just before the rains. Then the animals must come to the waterholes, as there is no other place for them to drink. And they like to come while it is still light; so they can see if any dangers are creeping up on them. So it is at sunset, and after the night falls, that the creatures of the African veld rise and go about their business.
Question 39. Why do animals come to the waterholes while it is still light?
A. To avoid people watching them
B. To see their ways better
C. To be alert to the possibility of danger
D. To drink enough water before hunting
Question 40. By "go about their business" the writer means________.
A. The animals go to the river to drink
B. The animals go on with their normal activity
C. Tourism in Africa is big business
D. The animals are observed by naturalists
Question 41. What kind of book does the text seem to be from?
A. A book for experts on wildlife
B. General non-fiction
C. A history of Africa
D. A fictional story
Question 42. The phrase "a host of " in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to________.
A. a gang of
B. only a few
C. a large number of
D. a group of
Question 43. The phrase "be excused for” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to________.
A. easily make a mistake of
B. be actually forgiven for
C. feel sorry for
D. be regretting for
Question 44. The word "he" in paragraph 2 refers to________.
A. a small fish
B. the writer
C. a Marshall eagle
D. a person
Question 45. The savannah appears to be empty because________.
A. The animals are sleeping
B. They have been frightened by an eagle
C. The animals have gone about their business
D. The temperature prevents much activity
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 46. We spend about one-third of our lives sleeping. We know relatively little about sleep.
A. Despite spending about one-third of our lives sleeping, we know relatively little about sleep.
B. We know relatively little about sleep; as a result, we spend about one-third of our lives sleeping.
C. We spend about one-third of our lives sleeping so that we know relatively little about sleep.
D. We shall know more about sleep if we spend more than one-third of our lives sleeping.
Question 47. Overeating is a cause of several deadly diseases. Physical inactivity is another cause of several deadly diseases.
A. Not only overeating but also physical inactivity may lead to several deadly diseases.
B. Apart from physical activities, eating too much also contributes to several deadly diseases.
C. Overeating and physical inactivity are caused by several deadly diseases.
D. Both overeating and physical inactivity result from several deadly diseases.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 48. People say that Mr. Goldman gave nearly a million pounds to charity last year.
A. Mr. Goldman is said to have given nearly a million pounds to charity last year.
B. Nearly a million pounds was said to have been given to charity by Mr. Goldman last year.
C. Nearly a million pounds is said to be given to charity by Mr. Goldman last year.
D. Mr. Goldman was said to have given nearly a million pounds to charity last year.
Question 49. "Why don't we wear sunglasses?" our grandpa would say when we went out on bright sunny days.
A. Our grandpa asked us why we did not wear sunglasses when going out on bright sunny days.
B. Our grandpa reminded us of going out with sunglasses on bright sunny days.
C. Our grandpa used to suggest wearing sunglasses when we went out on bright sunny days.
D. Our grandpa would warn us against wearing sunglasses on bright sunny days.
Question 50. I am sure he did not know that his brother graduated with flying colors.
A. He cannot have known that his brother graduated with very high marks.
B. He may not know that his brother is flying gradually up in a colorful balloon.
C. He should not have been envious of his brother's achievement.
D. That his brother graduated with flying colors must have been appreciated by him.
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