100 Bài tập much, many, little, few, a lot, plenty có đáp án



Bài viết 100 Bài tập much, many, little, few, a lot, plenty có đáp án chi tiết giúp bạn có thêm nguồn bài tập tự luyện để nắm vững cách sử dụng much, many, little, few, a lot, plenty từ đó giúp bạn học tốt Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh hơn.

100 Bài tập much, many, little, few, a lot, plenty có đáp án

Bài tập much, many, little, few, a lot, plenty (phần 1)

Bài 1: In some of these sentences much is incorrect or unnatural. Change much to many or a lot where necessary. Write OK if the sentence is correct.

1 We didn't spend much money. OK
2 Sure drinks much tea. a lot of tea
3 Joe always puts much salt on his food. ............
4 We'll have to hurry.We haven't got much time. ............
5 It cost much to repair the car. ............
6 Did it cost much to repair the car? ............
7 I don't know much people in this town. ............
8 I use the phone much at work. ............
9 There wasn't much traffic this morning. ............
10 You need much money to travel round the world. ............

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

3. a lot of salt

4. OK

5. It cost a lot

6. OK

7. many people or a lot of people

8. I use the phone a lot

9. OK

10. a lot of money

Quảng cáo

Bài 2:

Complete the sentences using plenty + the following:

hotels    money    room    things    to see    time    to learn

1. There's no need to hurry. There's plenty of time.

2. He's got no financial problems. He's got .........................

3. Come and sit with us. There's ...................................

4. She knows a lot, but she still has ...............................

5. It's an interesting town to visit. There .........................

6. I'm sure we'll find somewhere to stay. ...........................

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. He's got plenty of money

3. There's plenty of room.

4. .... she still has plenty to learn

5. There are plenty of things to see.

6. There are plenty of hotel.

Bài 3: Put in much/many/few/little (one word only)

1. She isn't very popular. She has few friends.

2. Ann is very busy these days. She has .... free time.

3. Did you take .... photographs when you were on holiday?

4. I'm not very busy today. I haven't got .... to do.

5. This is a very modern city. There are .... old building.

6. The weather has been very dry recently. We've had .... rain.

7. "Do you know Rome?" "No, I haven't been there for .... years."

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. little

3. many

4. much

5. few

6. little

7. many

Quảng cáo

Bài 4: Put in a where necessary. Write OK if the sentence is already complete.

1. She is lucky. She has few problems.

--> OK

2. Things are not going so well for her. She has few problems.

--> a few problems

3. Can you lend me few dollars?

4. There was little traffic so the journey didn't rake very long.

5. I can't give you a decision yet. I need little time to think.

6. It was a surprise that he won the match. Few people expected him to win.

7. I don't know much Spanish – only few words.

8. I wonder how Sam is. I haven't seen him for few months.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

3. a few dollars

4. Ok

5. a little time

6. OK

7. only a few words

8. a few months

Bài 5: Put in little/a little/few/a few

1. Gary is very busy with his job. He has little time for other things.

2. Listen carefully. I'm going to give you .... advice.

3. Do you mind if I ask you .... question?

4. It's not a very interesting place to visit, so ....tourises come here.

5. I don't think Jill would be a good teacher. She's got .... patience.

6. "Would you like milk in your coffee?" "Yes, .... "

7. This is a very boring place to live. There's .... to do.

8. "Have you ever been to Paris?" "Yes, I've been there .... times."

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. a little

3. a few

4. few

5. little

6. a little

7. little

8. a few

Bài tập much, many, little, few, a lot, plenty (phần 2)

Bài 1: In some of these sentences much is incorrect or unnatural. Change much to many or a lot where necessary. Write OK if the sentence is correct.

1 We didn't spend much money. OK
2 Sure drinks much tea. a lot of tea
3 Joe always puts much salt on his food. ............
4 We'll have to hurry.We haven't got much time. ............
5 It cost much to repair the car. ............
6 Did it cost much to repair the car? ............
7 I don't know much people in this town. ............
8 I use the phone much at work. ............
9 There wasn't much traffic this morning. ............
10 You need much money to travel round the world. ............

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

3. a lot of salt

4. OK

5. It cost a lot

6. OK

7. many people or a lot of people

8. I use the phone a lot

9. OK

10. a lot of money

Bài 2:

Complete the sentences using plenty + the following:

hotels money room things to see time to learn

1. There's no need to hurry. There's plenty of time.

2. He's got no financial problems. He's got .........................

3. Come and sit with us. There's ...................................

4. She knows a lot, but she still has ...............................

5. It's an interesting town to visit. There .........................

6. I'm sure we'll find somewhere to stay. ...........................

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. He's got plenty of money

3. There's plenty of room.

4. .... she still has plenty to learn

5. There are plenty of things to see.

6. There are plenty of hotel.

Bài 3: Put in much/many/few/little (one word only)

1. She isn't very popular. She has few friends.

2. Ann is very busy these days. She has .... free time.

3. Did you take .... photographs when you were on holiday?

4. I'm not very busy today. I haven't got .... to do.

5. This is a very modern city. There are .... old building.

6. The weather has been very dry recently. We've had .... rain.

7. "Do you know Rome?" "No, I haven't been there for .... years."

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. little

3. many

4. much

5. few

6. little

7. many

Bài 4: Put in a where necessary. Write OK if the sentence is already complete.

1. She is lucky. She has few problems.

--> OK

2. Things are not going so well for her. She has few problems.

--> a few problems

3. Can you lend me few dollars?

4. There was little traffic so the journey didn't rake very long.

5. I can't give you a decision yet. I need little time to think.

6. It was a surprise that he won the match. Few people expected him to win.

7. I don't know much Spanish – only few words.

8. I wonder how Sam is. I haven't seen him for few months.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

3. a few dollars

4. Ok

5. a little time

6. OK

7. only a few words

8. a few months

Bài 5: Put in little/a little/few/a few

1. Gary is very busy with his job. He has little time for other things.

2. Listen carefully. I'm going to give you .... advice.

3. Do you mind if I ask you .... question?

4. It's not a very interesting place to visit, so ....tourises come here.

5. I don't think Jill would be a good teacher. She's got .... patience.

6. "Would you like milk in your coffee?" "Yes, .... "

7. This is a very boring place to live. There's .... to do.

8. "Have you ever been to Paris?" "Yes, I've been there .... times."

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. a little

3. a few

4. few

5. little

6. a little

7. little

8. a few

Ngữ pháp much, many, little, few, a lot, plenty

A. Cách sử dụng much/little và many/few trong tiếng Anh

Ta sử dụng muchlittle với các danh từ không đếm được:

Ví dụ:

much time much luck

little energy little money

manyfew được dùng với các danh từ số nhiều

Ví dụ:

many friends many people

few cars few countries

B. Cách sử dụng a lot of / lots of / plenty of

Chúng ta sử dụng a lot of / lots of / plenty of với các danh từ không đếm được và các danh từ số nhiều (uncountable and plural nouns).

Ví dụ:

a lot of luck lots of time

plenty of money a lot of friends

lots of people plenty of ideas

plenty = nhiều hơn cần thiết:

- There's no need to hurry. We're got plenty of time.

(Không cần phải vội, chúng ta có dư thời gian.)

- I've had plenty to eat. I don't want any more.

(Tôi đã ăn quá nhiều rồi. Tôi không muốn ăn thêm nữa.)

C. Cách sử dụng much/many trong tiếng Anh

Chúng ta sử dụng much / many đặc biệt trong các câu phủ định và câu hỏi. A lot (of) cũng có thể được sử dụng như vậy.

Ví dụ:

- We didn't spend much money. (hay We didn't spend a lot of money.)

Chúng ta đã không tiêu hết nhiều tiền.

- Do you know many people? (hay Do you know a lot of people?)

(Bạn có quen biết nhiều người lắm không?)

- I don't go out much. (hay I don't go out a lot.)

(Tôi không hay đi chơi.)

Trong các câu khẳng định, a lot (of) thường được sử dụng hơn. Trong tiếng Anh đàm thoại, much ít được sử dụng trong các câu khẳng định

Ví dụ:

- We spent a lot of money. (không dùng 'We spent much money')

(Chúng tôi đã tiêu xài khá nhiều tiền.)

- He goes out a lot. (không dùng 'He goes out much')

(Anh ấy hay đi chơi lắm.)

Bạn có thể sử dụng many trong các câu khẳng định, nhưng a lot (of) thường được sử dụng hơn trong đàm thoại:

Ví dụ:

- A lot of people (hay many people) drive too fast.

Có nhiều người lái xe rất nhanh.

Nhưng bạn hãy lưu ý rằng chúng ta sử dụng too muchtoo many trong các câu khẳng định.

Ví dụ:

- We spent too much money.

(Chúng ta đã tiêu xài khá nhiều tiền.)

D. Cách sử dụng little và few trong tiếng Anh

Littlefew (không có a) có nghĩa phủ định (= not much / not many):

Ví dụ:

- We must be quick. There is little time. (= not much, not enough time)

(Chúng ta phải nhanh lên, còn ít thời gian lắm.)

- He isn't popular. He has few friends. (= not many, not enough friends)

(Anh ấy không được ưa thích lắm. Anh ấy có ít bạn bè.)

Bạn có thể nói very littlevery few:

- There is very little time.

(Còn rất ít thời gian.)

- He has very few friends.

(Anh ấy có rất ít bạn bè.)

a littlea few có nghĩa khẳng định hơn.

  • A little = một vài, một số lượng ít:

    - Let's go and have a drink. We're got a little time before the train leaves.

    (Chúng ta đi uống gì đi. Chúng ta còn chút thời gian trước khi tàu chạy.)

    (a little time = chút thời gian, đủ để uống thứ gì đó)

    - "Do you speak English?" "A little." (so we can talk a bit)

    ("Bạn nói được tiếng Anh không?" "Một chút ít thôi".)

  • A few = một ít, một số nhỏ:

    - I enjoy my life here. I have a few friends and we meet quite often.

    (Tôi hài lòng với cuộc sống của tôi nơi đây. Tôi có vài người bạn và chúng tôi gặp nhau khá thường xuyên.)

    (a few friends = không nhiều, nhưng đủ để giao lưu, vui chơi)

    - "When did you last see Clare?" "A few days ago." (= some days ago)

    ("Anh gặp Clare lần cuối khi nào?" "Mấy hôm trước.")

So sánh:

1. little và a little

- He spoke little English, so it was difficult to communicate with him.

(Anh ta nói tiếng Anh được ít, cho nên nói chuyện với anh ta rất khó khăn.)

- He spoke a little English, so we were able to communicate with him.

(Anh ấy nói được chút ít tiếng Anh, cho nên chúng tôi đã có thể nói chuyện với anh ấy.)

2. few và a few

- She's lucky. She has few problems. (= not many problems)

(Cô ấy thật may mắn. Cô ấy ít gặp chuyện phiền phức.)

- Things are not going so well for her. She has a few problems. (= some problems)

(Mọi việc không suôn sẻ với cô ấy. Cô ấy gặp một ít chuyện phiền phức.)

Lưu ý rằng only a littleonly a few có nghĩa phủ định:

- We must be quick. We've only got a little time.

(Chúng ta cần phải khẩn trương. Chúng ta chỉ có ít thời gian.)

- The village was very small. There were only a few houses.

(Ngôi làng rất nhỏ. Nơi đó chỉ có vài ngôi nhà.)

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