100 Bài tập động từ + giới từ có đáp án

Bài viết 100 Bài tập động từ + giới từ có đáp án chi tiết giúp bạn có thêm nguồn bài tập tự luyện để nắm vững cách sử dụng động từ + giới từ từ đó giúp bạn học tốt Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh hơn.

100 Bài tập động từ + giới từ có đáp án

Bài tập động từ + giới từ (phần 1)

Bài 1: You ask somebody to explain things that you don't understand. Write questions beginning Can you explain ...?

1. (I don't understand this word.)

Can you explain this word to me?

2. (I don't understand what you mean)

Can you explain to me what you mean?

3. (I don't understand the problem)

Can you explain ...................?

4. (I don't understand the problem)

Can ...............................?

5. (I don't understand how this machine works)


6. (I don't understand what I have to do )


Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

3. Can you explain this question to me?

4. Can you explain the problem to me?

5. Can you explain to me how this machine works?

6. Can you explain to me what I have to do?

Quảng cáo

Bài 2: Put in to where necessary. If the sentence is already complete, leave the space empty.

1. I know who she is, but I've never spoken to her.

2. Why didn't you answer ..–.. my letter?

3. I like to listen .... the radio while I'm having breakfast.

4. We'd beeter phone .... the restaurant to reserve a table.

5. "Did Mike apologize .... you?" "Yes, he said he was very sorry."

6. I explained .... everybody for all the help they had given up.

7. I thanked .... everybody for all the help they ad given me.

8. Ask me what you like, and I'll try and answer .... your questions.

9. Mike described .... me exactly what happened.

10. Karen won't be able to help you, so there's no point in asking ....her.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

3. to

4. –

5. to

6. to

7. –

8. –

9. to

10. –

Bài 3: Complete the sentence. Use the following verbs + the correct preposition:

explain    glance    laugh    listen    point    speak    throw    throw

1. I look stupid with this haircut. Everybody will laugh at me.

2. I don't understand this. Can you explain it to me?

3. Sue and Kevin had an argument and now they're not .... one another.

4. Be careful with those scissors! Don't .... them .... me!

5. I .... my watch to see what the time was.

6. Please .... ,me! I've got something important to tell you.

7. Don't .... stones .... the birds! It's cruel.

8. If you don't qant that sandwich, .... it .... the birds. They'll eat it.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

3. speaking to

4. point them at

5. glanced at

6. listen to

7. throw stones at

8. throw it to

Quảng cáo

Bài 4:Put in to or at.

1. I wrote to the hotel complaining about the poor service we had received.

2. Look .... these flowers. Aren't they pretty?

3. Please don't about .... me! Try to calm down.

4. I saw Sue as I was cycling along the road. I shouted .... her, but she didn't hear me.

5. Don't listen .... what he says. He doesn't know what he's talking about.

6. What's so funny? What are you laughing .... ?

7. Do you think I could have a look .... your magazine, please?

8. I'm a bit lonely. I need somebody to talk ....

9. She was so angry she threw a book .... the wall.

10. The woman sitting opposite me on the train kept starting .... me.

11. Can I speak .... you a moment? There's something I want to ask you.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. at

3. at

4. to

5. to

6. at

7. at

8. to

9. at

10. at

11. to

Bài tập động từ + giới từ (phần 2)

Bài 1: Put in the correct preposition.

1. Did you hear about what happened at the party on Saturday?

2. "I had a strange dream last night." "Did you? What did you dream ....?"

3. Our neighbours complained .... us .... the noise we made last night.

4. Kevin was complaining .... pains in his chest, so he went to the doctor.

5. I love this music. It reminds me .... a warm day in spring.

6. He loves his job. He thinks .... his job all the time, he dreams ....it, he talks .... it and I'm fed up with hearing .... it.

7. I tried to remember the name of the book, but I couldn't think .... it.

8. Jackie warned me .... the water. She said it wasn't safe to drink.

9. We warned our children .... the dangers of playing in the street.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. about

3. to us about

4. of

5. of

6. about .... about .... about .... about

7. of

8. about

9. about /of

Bài 2: Complete the sentences using the following verbs (in the correct form) + the correct preposition. complain dream hear remind remind think think warn

1. That's a good idea. Why didn't I think of that?

2. Bill is never satisfied. He is always .... something.

3. I can't make a decision yet. I need time to .... your proposal.

4. Before you go into the house, I must .... you .... the dog. He is very aggressive sometimes, so be careful.

5. She's not a well-known singer. Not many people have .... her.

6. A: You wouldn't go away without telling me, would you?

B: Of course not. I wouldn't .... it.

7. I would have forgotten my appointment if Jane hadn't .... me .... it.

8. Do you see that man over there? Does he .... you .... anybody you know?

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. complaining about

3. think about

4. warn you about

5. heard of

6. dream of

7. reminded me about

8. remind you of

Bài 3: Complete the sentences using hear or heard + the correct preposition (about/of/from).

1. I've never heard of Tom Hart. Who is he?

2. "Did you .... the accident last night?" "Yes, Vicky told me."

3. Jill used to phone quite often, but I haven't .... her for a long time now.

4. A: Have you .... a writer called William Hudson?

B: No, I don't think so. What sort of writer is he?

5. Thank you for your letter. It was good to .... you again.

6. "Do you want to .... our holiday?" "Not now. Tell me later."

7. I live in a small town in the north of England. You've probably never .... it.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. hear about

3. heard from

4. heard of

5. hear from

6. hear about

7. heard of

Bài 4: Complete the sentences using think about or think of. Sometimes both about and of are possible. Use the correct form of think (think/thinking/ thought).

1. You look serious. What are you thinking about?

2. I like to have time to make decisions. I like to .... things carefully.

3. I don't know what to get Sarah for her birthday. Can you .... anything?

4. A: I've finished reading the book you lent me.

B: Have you? What did you .... it? Did you like it?

5. We've .... going out for a meal this evening. Would you like to come?

6. I don't really want to go out with Tom tonight. I'll have to .... an excuse.

7. When I was offered the job, I didn't accept immediately. I went away and .... it for a while. In the end I decided to take the job.

8. I don't .... much .... this coffee. It's like water.

9. Carol is very homesick. She's always .... her family back home.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. think about

3. think of

4. think of

5. thinking of /about

6. thought about

7. thought about

8. think much of

9. thinking about /of

Bài tập động từ + giới từ (phần 3)

Bài 1: Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first.

1. Sue said I was selfish.

Sue accused me of being selfish.

2. The misunderstanding was my fault, so I apologized.

I apologized ............................

3. Jane won the tournament. So I congratulated her.

I congratulated Jan .....................

4. He has enimics, but he has a body guard to protect him.

He has a bodyguard to protect him .......

5. There are eleven player to a football team.

A football team consists ................

6. Sandra eats only bread and eggs.

She lives ...............................

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. for the misunderstanding

3. on winning the tournament

4. from/against his enemies

5. of eleven players

6. on bread and eggs

Bài 2: Complete the second sentence using for or on. These sentences all have blame.

1. Liz said that what happened was Joe's fault. Liz blamed Joe for what happened.

2. You always say everything is my fault.

You always blame me .....................

3. Do you think the economic crisis is the fault of the government?

Do you blame the government .............?

4. I think the increase in violent crime is the fault of the television.

I blame the increase in violent crime ............................

Now rewrite sentences 3 and 4 using to blame for.

5. (3) Do you think the government ............................?

6. (4) I think that ...........................................?

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. for everything

3. for the economic crisis

4. on television

5. is to blame for the economic crisis

6. television is to blame for the increase in violent crime

Bài 3: Complete the sentences using the following verbs + the correct preposition

accuse    apologise    approve    congratulate    depend    lie    pay

1. His parent don't approve of what he does, but they can't stop him.

2. When you went to the theatre with Paul, who .... the tickets?

3. It's not very pleasant when you are .... something you didn't do.

4. A: Are you going to the beach tomorrow?

B: I hope so. It .... the weather.

5. Things are very cheap there. You can .... very little money.

6. When I saw David. I .... him .... passing his driving test.

7. You were very rude to Liz. Don't you think you should .... her?

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. paid for

3. accused of

4. depends on

5. live on

6. congratulated him on

7. apologise to

Bài 4: Put in the correct preposition. If no preposition is necessary. Leave the space empty.

1. Some students were suspected of cheating in the exam.

2. Sally is often not well. She suffers .... very bad headaches

3. You know that you can rely .... me if you ever need any help.

4. It is terrible that some people are dying .... hunger while others eat too much.

5. Are you going to apologize .... what you did?

6. The accident was my fault, so I had to pay .... the repairs.

7. I didn't have enough money to pay .... the bill

8. I complimented her .... her English. She spoke very fluently and her pronunciation was excellent.

9. She hasn't got a job. She depends .... her parents for money.

10. I don't know whether I'll go out tonight. It depends .... how I feel.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. from

3. on

4. of/from

5. for

6. for

7. –

8. on

9. on

10. – or on

11. from /against

12. of

Ngữ pháp động từ + giới từ

A. Động từ + at trong tiếng Anh

  • look / have a look / stare / glance ... AT...

    - Why are you looking at me like that?

    (Tại sao bạn lại nhìn tôi như thế?)

  • laugh / smile AT...:

    - I look stupid with this haircut. Everybody will laugh at me.

    (Trông tôi có vẻ ngố với kiểu cắt tóc này. Mọi người sẽ cười tôi mất thôi.)

  • aim / point (something) AT..., shoot / fire (a gun) AT... (= in the direction of)

    - Don't point that knife at me. It's dangerous.

    (Đừng chĩa con dao đó vào tôi. Điều đó nguy hiểm lắm.)

    - We saw some people with guns shooting at birds.

    (Chúng tôi đã nhìn thấy mấy người có súng đang bắn chim.)

B. Động từ + to trong tiếng Anh

  • talk / speak TO (somebody) (with cũng dùng được nhưng không thường dùng lắm):

    - Who was that man you were talking to?

    (Người bạn đang nói chuyện với là ai vậy?)

    - Can I speak to Jane, please?

    (Tôi có thể nói chuyện với Jane được không?)

  • listen TO...:

    - We spent the evening listening to music. (không nói 'listening music')

    (Vào buổi tối chúng tôi nghe nhạc.)

  • write (a letter) TO...:

    - Sorry I haven't written to you for such a long time.

    (Tôi xin lỗi đã không viết thư thăm bạn lâu như vậy.)

  • invite (somebody) TO (a party/a wedding, ...):

    - They only invited a few people to their wedding.

    (Họ chỉ mời vài người tới dự đám cưới của họ.)

  • apologise To somebody (for...):

    - The apologised to me for what happended.

    (Họ xin lỗi tôi về những gì đã xảy ra.)

  • explain something TO somebody:

    - Can you explain this word to me?

    (Bạn có thể giải thích từ này cho mình được không?)

  • explain/describe (to somebody) what/how/why...:

    - I explained to them why I was worried.

    (Tôi đã giải thích cho ho tại sao tôi lo lắng.)

    - Let me describe to you what I saw.

    (Để tôi miêu tả cho bạn những gì tôi nhìn thấy.)

C. Không sử dụng TO với các động từ sau:

  • phone/ telephone/ call somebody:

    - Did you phone your father yesterday? (KHÔNG nói phone to your father)

    (Hôm qua bạn gọi điện cho cha của bạn à?)

  • answer somebody/something:

    - He refused to answer my question. (KHÔNG nói answer to my question)

    (Anh ta từ chối trả lời câu hỏi của tôi.)

  • ask somebody:

    - Can I ask you a question? (KHÔNG nói ask to you)

    (Tôi có thể hỏi bạn một câu hỏi không?)

  • thank somebody (for something):

    - He thanked me for helping him. (KHÔNG nói He thanked to me)

    (Anh ta đã cảm ơn tôi vì đã giúp anh ta.)

D. Động từ + at/to với ý nghĩa khác nhau

Một số động từ có thể được theo sau bởi giới từ at hoặc giới từ to nhưng lại mang nghĩa khác nhau. Dưới đây là một số ví dụ.

Tài liệu giáo viên