100 Bài tập So sánh nhất (so sánh cực cấp) có đáp án



Bài viết 100 Bài tập So sánh nhất có đáp án chi tiết giúp bạn có thêm nguồn bài tập tự luyện để nắm vững cách sử dụng So sánh nhất từ đó giúp bạn học tốt Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh hơn.

100 Bài tập So sánh nhất (so sánh cực cấp) có đáp án

Bài tập So sánh nhất (phần 1)

Bài 1: Comple the sentences. Use a superlative (-est or most ...) + a preposition (of or in)

1. It's a very good room. It is the best room in the hotel.

2. It's a very cheap restaurant. It's ..... the town.

3. It was a very happy day. It was ..... my life.

4. She's a very intelligent student. She ..... the class.

5. It's a very valuable painting . It ..... the gallery.

6. Spring is a very busy time for me. It ..... the year.

In the following sentences use one of + a superlative + a preposition.

7. It's a very good room. It is one of the best room in the hotel.

8. He's a very rich man. He' s one ..... Britian.

9. It's a very big castle. It ..... the team.

10. She's a good player. She ..... the team.

11. It was a very bad experience. It ..... my life.

12. He's a very dangerous criminal. He ..... the country.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. It's the cheapest restaurant in the town.

3. It was the happiest day of my life.

4. She's the most intelligent student in the class.

5. It's the most valuable painting in the gallery.

6. It's the busiest time of the year.

8. He's one of the richest men in the world.

9. It's one of the biggest castles in Britain.

10. She's one of the best players in the team.

11. It was one of the worst experiences of my life.

12. He's one of the most dangerous criminals in the country.

Quảng cáo

Bài 2: Complet the sentenes. Use a superlative or a comparative.

1. We stayed at the cheapest hotel in the town. (cheap)

2. Our hotel was cheaper than all the others in the town. (cheap).

3. The United States is very large, but Canada is .... . (large)

4. What's .... country in the world? (small)

5. I wasn't feeling well yesterday, but I feel a bit .... today. (good)

6. It was an awful day. It was .... day of my life (bad)

7. What is .... sport in your country? (popular)

8. Evereet is .... mount ain in the world. It is .... than any other mountain. (high)

9. We had a great holiday. It was one of .... holiday we've ever had. (enjoyable)

10. I prefer this chair to the other one. It's .... . (comfortable)

11. What's .... way of getting from here to the station? (quick)

12. Sue and Kevin have got three daughters .... is 14 years old. (old)

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

3. larger

4. the smallest

5. better

6. the worst

7. the most popular

8. the highest mountain in the world

9. the most enjoyable

10. more comfortable

11. the quickest

12. the oldest

Quảng cáo

Bài 3: What do you say in these situation? Use a superlative + ever. Use the words in brackets.

1. You've just been to the cinema. The film was extremely boring. You tell your friend:

(boring/film/see) That's the most boring film I've ever seen.

2. Your friend has just told you a joke, which you think is very funny. You say:

(funny/joke /hear) That's ................................

3. You're drinking coffee with a friend. It's really good coffee. You say:

(good/coffee/taste) This .................................

4. You ar talking to a friend about Mary. Mary is very generous. You tell your friend about her:

(generous/person/meet) She ...............................

5. You hae just run ten kilomettres. You've never run furtherr than this. You say to your friend:

(far/run) That ...........................................

6. You decided to give up your job. Now you think this was a bad mistake. You say to your friend:

(bad/mistake/make) It ....................................

7. Your friend meets a lot of people,some of them famou. You ask your friend:

(famous/person/meet?)Who ................................?

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. That's the funniest joke I've ever heard.

3. This is the best coffee I've ever tasted.

4. She's the most generous.

5. That's the furthest I've ever run.

6. It's the worst mistake I've ever made.

7. Who's the most famous person you've ever met?

Bài tập So sánh nhất (phần 2)

Bài 1: Comple the sentences. Use a superlative (-est or most ...) + a preposition (of or in)

1. It's a very good room. It is the best room in the hotel.

2. It's a very cheap restaurant. It's ..... the town.

3. It was a very happy day. It was ..... my life.

4. She's a very intelligent student. She ..... the class.

5. It's a very valuable painting . It ..... the gallery.

6. Spring is a very busy time for me. It ..... the year.

In the following sentences use one of + a superlative + a preposition.

7. It's a very good room. It is one of the best room in the hotel.

8. He's a very rich man. He' s one ..... Britian.

9. It's a very big castle. It ..... the team.

10. She's a good player. She ..... the team.

11. It was a very bad experience. It ..... my life.

12. He's a very dangerous criminal. He ..... the country.

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. It's the cheapest restaurant in the town.

3. It was the happiest day of my life.

4. She's the most intelligent student in the class.

5. It's the most valuable painting in the gallery.

6. It's the busiest time of the year.

8. He's one of the richest men in the world.

9. It's one of the biggest castles in Britain.

10. She's one of the best players in the team.

11. It was one of the worst experiences of my life.

12. He's one of the most dangerous criminals in the country.

Bài 2: Complet the sentenes. Use a superlative or a comparative.

1. We stayed at the cheapest hotel in the town. (cheap)

2. Our hotel was cheaper than all the others in the town. (cheap).

3. The United States is very large, but Canada is .... . (large)

4. What's .... country in the world? (small)

5. I wasn't feeling well yesterday, but I feel a bit .... today. (good)

6. It was an awful day. It was .... day of my life (bad)

7. What is .... sport in your country? (popular)

8. Evereet is .... mount ain in the world. It is .... than any other mountain. (high)

9. We had a great holiday. It was one of .... holiday we've ever had. (enjoyable)

10. I prefer this chair to the other one. It's .... . (comfortable)

11. What's .... way of getting from here to the station? (quick)

12. Sue and Kevin have got three daughters .... is 14 years old. (old)

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

3. larger

4. the smallest

5. better

6. the worst

7. the most popular

8. the highest mountain in the world

9. the most enjoyable

10. more comfortable

11. the quickest

12. the oldest

Bài 3: What do you say in these situation? Use a superlative + ever. Use the words in brackets.

1. You've just been to the cinema. The film was extremely boring. You tell your friend:

(boring/film/see) That's the most boring film I've ever seen.

2. Your friend has just told you a joke, which you think is very funny. You say:

(funny/joke /hear) That's ................................

3. You're drinking coffee with a friend. It's really good coffee. You say:

(good/coffee/taste) This .................................

4. You ar talking to a friend about Mary. Mary is very generous. You tell your friend about her:

(generous/person/meet) She ...............................

5. You hae just run ten kilomettres. You've never run furtherr than this. You say to your friend:

(far/run) That ...........................................

6. You decided to give up your job. Now you think this was a bad mistake. You say to your friend:

(bad/mistake/make) It ....................................

7. Your friend meets a lot of people,some of them famou. You ask your friend:

(famous/person/meet?)Who ................................?

Đáp án & Hướng dẫn:

2. That's the funniest joke I've ever heard.

3. This is the best coffee I've ever tasted.

4. She's the most generous.

5. That's the furthest I've ever run.

6. It's the worst mistake I've ever made.

7. Who's the most famous person you've ever met?

Ngữ pháp So sánh nhất

A. Ví dụ so sánh nhất trong tiếng Anh

Bạn theo dõi ví dụ:

- What is the longest river in the world?

(Dòng sông nào dài nhất thế giới?)

- What was the most enjoyable holiday you've ever had?

(Kỳ nghỉ nào của bạn thú vị nhất?) longestmost enjoyable là dạng so sánh nhất. (Superlative forms)

B. Cách hình thành so sánh nhất trong tiếng Anh

Ta dùng -est hoặc most... để tạo nên dạng so sánh nhất. Nói chung, ta dùng -est cho những tính từ ngắnmost... với những tính từ dài. (Sử dụng quy tắc tương tự như khi tạo dạng thức so sánh hơn)

Ví dụ:

từ ngắn | từ dài

long → longest | most expensive

hot → hottest | most famous

easy → easiest | most boring

hard → hardest | most difficult

Những tính từ sau là bất quy tắc:

good → best

bad → worst

far → furthest

C. Cách sử dụng the trong so sánh nhất

Ta thường dùng the trước dạng so sánh nhất (the longest / the most famous ...):

- Yesterday was the hottest day of year.

(Hôm qua là ngày nóng nhất trong năm.)

- That film was really boring. It was the most boring film I've ever seen.

(Bộ phim thật là dở. Đó là bộ phim dở nhất tôi từng xem.)

- She is a really nice person — one of the nicest people I know.

(Cô ấy thật là người tử tế — một trong những người tử tế nhất tôi từng biết.)

- Why does he always come to see me at the worst possible moment?

(Sao anh ta luôn đến thăm tôi vào những lúc tồi tệ nhất vậy?)

So sánh nhất vs so sánh hơn:

1.

- This hotel is the cheapest in town. (so sánh nhất — superlative)

(Đây là khách sạn bình dân nhất trong thị trấn.)

- This hotel is cheaper than all the others in town. (so sánh hơn — comparative)

(Khách sạn này rẻ hơn tất cả các khách sạn khác trong thị trấn.)

2.

- He's the most patient person I've ever met.

(Anh ta là người kiên nhẫn nhất mà tôi từng gặp.)

- He's much more patient than I am.

(Anh ta kiên nhẫn hơn tôi.)

D. Cách sử dụng oldest và eldest trong tiếng Anh

  • So sánh nhất của oldoldest:

    - That church is the oldest building in the town. (không nói 'the eldest')

    (Nhà thờ đó là tòa nhà lâu đời nhất trong thị trấn.)

  • Ta dùng eldest (hoặc oldest) khi nói tới những thành viên trong gia đình:

    - My eldest son is 13 years old. (hoặc My oldest son...)

    (Con trai đầu của tôi năm nay 13 tuổi.)

    - Are you the eldest in your family? (hoặc ...the oldest...)

    (Anh là người con lớn nhất trong gia đình phải không?)

E. So sánh nhất và giới từ in

Sau dạng so sánh nhất, ta sử dụng giới từ in với những từ chỉ nơi chốn (thành phố, nhà cửa v.v...):

- What is the longest river in the world? (không nói 'of the world')

(Con sông nào dài nhất thế giới?)

- We had a lovely room. It was one of the nicest in the hotel. (không nói 'of the hotel')

(Chúng tôi đã có một phòng rất tuyệt. Đó là một trong những phòng tốt nhất khách sạn.)

Ta còn dùng giới từ in đối với một tổ chức hay một nhóm người (a class/team/company ...):

- Who is the best student in the class? (không nói 'of the class')

(Ai là học sinh giỏi nhất lớp?)

Ta thường dùng giới từ of đối với một khoảng thời gian nào đó:

- What was the happiest day of your life?

(Ngày nào là ngày hạnh phúc nhất trong đời anh?)

- Yesterday was the hottest day of the year.

(Ngày hôm qua là ngày nóng nhất trong năm.)

F. So sánh nhất và hiện tại hoàn thành

Ta thường dùng thì hiện tại hoàn thành (present perfect — I have done) sau dạng so sánh nhất — superlative

- What's the best film you've ever seen?

(Phim nào là phim hay nhất bạn từng xem?)

- That was the most delicious meal I've had for a long time.

(Đó là bữa ăn ngon nhất mà lâu lắm rồi tôi mới dược ăn.)

G. Cấu trúc most + tính từ

Đôi khi chúng ta cũng sử dụng cấu trúc most + tính từ với nghĩa 'very':

- The book you lent me was most interesting. (= very interesting)

(Cuốn sách bạn cho tôi mượn rất hay.)

- Thank you for the money. It was most generous of you. (= very generous)

(Cám ơn anh về số tiền đó. Anh thật là rộng rãi.)

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